SYSAGRIA

SysAgria delivers comprehensive real-time information about the environment and development conditions at different phenological stages of crops, fruits and vegetables, based on which proactive treatment, planned fertilization, seeding, and harvesting could be achieved.

The system monitors vital soil, air, and light parameters and alerts to changes according to predefined levels and identifies patterns with predictive value for the most common disease, insect damage, and weed pressures.

  • Ultra low power (7µA)
  • 100+ sensors integrated
  • Radio technologies:
    • Long range: 4G / 3G / GPRS / GPRS+GPS / LoRaWAN / LoRa / Sigfox / 868 MHz / 900 MHz
    • Medium range: ZigBee / WiFi
    • Short range: RFID/NFC / Bluetooth 2.1 / BLE
    • Over the Air Programming (OTA)
    • Encryption libraries (AES, RSA, MD5, SHA, Hash)
    • Industrial Protocols: RS-232, RS-485, Modbus, CAN Bus, 4-20mA

Data Sheet

Highlights

Technology

Communication

The Basic SyaAgria Kit

  • One module that monitors the air and soil parameters
  • One gateway that acquires data and transmits it to the server

SysAgria is a highly versatile product that can be integrated into

  • Irrigation installations for agricultural crops, fruit trees, vines
  • Installations for herbicides and fertilizers
  • Ventilation, dehumidification, lighting or fire extinguishing systems (agricultural farms)

The electronic module was created through SMT technology by respecting EU RoHS references and contains a RISC processor and digital sensors.
SysAgria uses industrial components with the capacity to function at temperatures ranging from -50˚C to +80˚C.

Applications

  • Precision Agriculture
  • Leaf wetness, fruit diameter
  • Irrigation Systems
  • Soil moisture, leaf wetness
  • Greenhouses
  • Solar radiation, humidity, temperature
  • Weather Stations
  • Anemometer, wind vane, pluviometry

Sensors

  • Air Temperature, Humidity and Pressure, Soil Temperature / Moisture, Leaf Wetness, Solar Radiation – PAR, Ultraviolet Radiation – UV, Trunk Diameter, Stem Diameter, Fruit Diameter, Anemometer, Wind Vane, Pluviometer, Luminosity, Ultrasound
  • Long range: 4G / 3G / GPRS / GPRS+GPS / LoRaWAN / LoRa / Sigfox / 868 MHz / 900 MHz
  • Medium range: ZigBee / WiFi
  • Short range: RFID/NFC / Bluetooth 2.1 / BLE
  • Over the Air Programming (OTA)
  • Encryption libraries (AES, RSA, MD5, SHA, Hash)
  • Industrial Protocols: RS-232, RS-485, Modbus, CAN Bus, 4-20mA

Monitored parameters

Air and Light

Temperature

Humidity

CO2 concentration

Other compounds

Rain amount

Light intensity

Wind speed and direction

Temperature is a key factor in plant growth and development. Along with the levels of light, carbon dioxide, air humidity, water and nutrients, temperature influences plant growth and ultimately crop yields. All these factors should be in balance. Temperature influences the plant in the short term as well as the long term.

By maintaining optimal relative humidity levels in a greenhouse and other growing environments, you ensure optimal plant transpiration.
When relative humidity levels are too high or there is a lack of air circulation, a plant cannot make water evaporate (part of the transpiration process) or draw nutrients from the soil. When this occurs for a prolonged period, a plant eventually rots.

The carbon dioxide (CO2) is the most important type of carbon, given that it plays a significant role in photosynthesis.
CO 2, in the form of water vapor, allows the short waves of solar radiation to pass through the atmosphere and absorbs the long waves of Earth’s radiation, which causes a reheating of the air, known as the greenhouse effect.

Air pollution not only contributes to respiratory diseases in humans and damages buildings, it can also affect plants. The effects of air pollution on plants develop over time and can’t be undone.
Chemicals such as sulfur dioxide, ozone, fluorides and peroxyacetyl nitrate damage the leaves of plants. If enough leaves are damaged, the entire plant will die. Sulfur dioxide, a by-product of burning fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and gasoline, causes changes in the colors of leaf tissue, which may turn white, brown or yellow.

Rainwater plays an important role in plants’ development. Rainwater is the most natural way for plants to obtain moisture.
Rainwater frees nutrients and minerals in the soil the plant needs to survive. Lack of water leads to mineral deficiencies and an unhealthy plant.
In addition, the plant uses water alongside photosynthesis to make sugar. Water carries this sugar through the plant by water to feed individual plant cells. The cells then convert the sugar into energy, which the plant uses to produce leaves, flowers and fruit.

Light is an absolute requirement for plant growth and development. However, different plants have optimum requirements and both deficient and excessive light intensities are injurious. Deficient light intensities tend to reduce plant growth, development, and yield. This is because the low amount of solar energy restricts the rate of photosynthesis. Likewise, excessive light intensity should be avoided. It can scorch the leaves and reduce crop yields.

Wind and soil moisture stress induce similar anatomical changes in plant leaves and these changes enhance the ability of the plant to restrain water loss. This arises because the rate of water loss from the leaves is greater than the rate of water transported from the roots.

 
Soil

Temperature and relative humidity

Potential of hydrogen

Electro conductivity

Macronutrients

Soil temperature, light, and moisture all work together to trigger seed germination. When the soil is cold, the seed may not germinate in the ground. If it does, it may be weak and lack the strength and vigor needed to develop properly, and may be at greater risk of succumbing to pests and disease.

The amount of hydrogen in the soil affects pH and the availability of other elements. Nutrient deficiencies can be observed at both high and low pH values. Therefore, the hydrogen plays a key role in the development of plants.
As we all know, life cannot exist without water. Hydrogen comes from splitting water (H2O) into hydrogen gas and oxygen. Hydrogen is used by plants which combine it with carbon during the photosynthesis process and release oxygen into the atmosphere which is used by all living beings.

The easiest way to measure fertilizer level is to check Electrical Conductivity (EC). EC is a meaningful indicator of water quality, soil salinity, and fertilizer concentration. Therefore, knowing EC levels can help plant production and lead to the more cost-effective use of plant inputs and less shrinkage. The presence of high salt levels is a sign that adjustments are needed – before damage shows up in plants.

The macronutrients include: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S).
The NPK rating of a fertilizer identifies how much of the fertilizer by volume is comprised of these three elements. For example, a 10-10-10 balanced fertilizer would contain 10% each by volume of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. Although each of these fertilizer elements has multiple roles, in general nitrogen encourages strong leaf growth, phosphorus encourages flowering and budding, and potassium encourages stronger root growth.
The next two macronutrients, calcium, and magnesium are crucial for many cellular functions in plants, as well as fruit and flower formation.

Competitive advantages

Additional features

Direct benefits

Zero energy – the device is powered by efficient batteries and a photovoltaic panel reaching an estimated lifetime of 10 years.

Mesh network – each device detects automatically other devices in a range of 10 km, connects with them and creates a wide mesh network of radio frequency transmitters. As the system does not require an existing infrastructure for data transmission, it can be installed in any remote or isolated area.

Analytics – Encrypted data is transmitted to servers, where it is analyzed and interpreted based on proprietary algorithms and crop-specific analytics.

Further integration with automatized irrigation or fertilization systems is fully compatible.

The complete system is scalable from a greenhouse to fruit trees or large corn plantations.

Alerts are generated in case of theft or mechanical damage.

According to USDA the minimum general guidelines for crop health are defined as Top and Sub-Soil Moisture, Days Suitable for Fieldwork, General Crop Conditions, and Crop Progress Percents. Additional parameters retrieved from air and soil by Sysagria cover these and more, offering support for fast and proactive decision-making increasing the annual yield.

Very Short – Soil moisture supplies are significantly less than what is required for normal plant development. Growth has been stopped or nearly so and plants are showing visible signs of moisture stress. Under these conditions, plants will quickly suffer irreparable damage.
Short – Soil dry. Seed germination and/or normal crop growth and development would be curtailed.
Adequate – Soil moist. Seed germination and/or crop growth and development would be normal or unhindered.
Surplus – Soil wet. Fields may be muddy and will be unable to absorb additional moisture. Young developing crops may be yellowing from excess moisture.

A ‘suitable’ day is one where weather and field conditions allowed producers to work in fields a major portion of that day.

Very Poor – Extreme degree of loss to yield potential, complete or near crop failure.
Poor – Heavy degree of loss to yield potential which can be caused by excess soil moisture, drought, disease, etc.
Fair – Less than normal crop condition. Yield loss is a possibility, but the extent is unknown.
Good – Yield prospects are normal. Moisture levels are adequate, and disease, insect damage, and weed pressures are minor.
Excellent – Yield prospects are above normal. Crops are experiencing little or no stress. Disease, insect damage, and weed pressures are insignificant.

Progress percents relate to acres and should indicate the progress of field activities or crop development. An acre should be considered in or beyond a phenological stage when 50 percent or more of the plants in that acre are in or beyond that stage.
Planted – A crop is considered planted when the seeds are placed on the ground. For transplanted crops, the planting period refers to the time of setting the plants in the field.
Harvested – A crop is considered harvested when the crop is cut, threshed, or otherwise gathered from the field.

Source: www.nass.usda.gov

System Architecture

Certifications

Awards

ISO 9001 – Quality Management System
The area of activity covered by this certificate is Design and Commercialization of telemetry equipment

ISO 27001 – Information Security Management System Certification
The area of activity covered by this certificate is Information security for design and commercialization of telemetry equipment

ISO 14001 – Environmental management system certification
The area of activity covered by this certificate is Design and Commercialization of telemetry equipment

Awards received for SysAgria – Combined Device for Agriculture 4.0.

Gold Medal with Special Mention and Excellence Diploma – International Fair for Inventions “PRO INVENT” Cluj-Napoca 2017;

Gold Medal – Stefan cel Mare University – Suceava – The International Exhibition for Inventions and Innovations „Traian Vuia” Timisoara 2017;

Silver Medal – The International Exhibition for Inventions and Innovations „Traian Vuia” Timisoara 2017;

Excellence Diploma – Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” Timisoara 2017;

Excellence Diploma – National Research Institute – International Fair for Inventions “PRO INVENT” Cluj-Napoca 2017;

Excellence Diploma – Inventors Society of Romania – International Fair for Inventions “PRO INVENT” Cluj-Napoca 2017;

Special Prize – Romanian Association for Alternative Technology – ARTA Sibiu – International Fair for Inventions “PRO INVENT” Cluj-Napoca 2017.